Science Library

northern cerianthid forest
A single Acadian hermit crab wanders through a northern cerianthid forest in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Photo: Matthew Lawrence/NOAA

NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries (ONMS) Conservation Series Reports for Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary and the broader region are provided here with links to the reports. A list of peer-reviewed research papers written or co-authored by sanctuary staff are also provided in descending chronological order (newest to oldest). Links to condition reports and management plans can be found at the end of the page.

Conservation Series Reports

Relevance of the Northeast Integrated Ecosystem Assessment for the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Condition Report (2007-2017) ONMS-19-08

Time-Series Patterns of Species Richness, Diversity, and Community Composition of Fishes At Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (1970-2017) ONMS-19-04

Dynamics of Hard Substratum Communities Inside and Outside of a Fisheries Habitat Closed Area in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (Gulf of Maine, NW Atlantic) ONMS-10-05

Stellwagen Bank Marine Historical Ecology Final Report ONMS-10-04

Variation in Planning-Unit Size and Patterns of Fish Diversity: Implications for Design of Marine Protected Areas ONMS-10-03

Examples of Ecosystem-Based Management in National Marine Sanctuaries: Moving from Theory to Practice ONMS-10-02

Conservation Science in NOAA's National Marine Sanctuaries: Description and Recent Accomplishments. ONMS-06-04

Developing Alternatives for Optimal Representation of Seafloor Habitats and Associated Communities in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary ONMS-06-02

Noise Levels and Sources in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary and the St. Lawrence River Estuary MSD-05-01

The Economic Contribution of Whalewatching to Regional Economies: Perspectives from Two National Marine Sanctuaries MSD-00-2

Staff Authored or Co-authored Research Articles

Silva, T.L., Wiley, D.N. and Fay, G., 2021. A hierarchical modelling approach to estimating humpback whale abundance from sand lance abundance. Ecological Modelling, 456, p.109662.

Ryan John P., Joseph John E., Margolina Tetyana, Hatch Leila T., Azzara Alyson, Reyes Alexis, Southall Brandon L., DeVogelaere Andrew, Peavey Reeves Lindsey E., Zhang Yanwu, Cline Danelle E., Jones Brent, McGill Paul, Baumann-Pickering Simone, Stimpert Alison. 2021. Reduction of Low-Frequency Vessel Noise in Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 587.

Wall Carrie C., Haver Samara M., Hatch Leila T., Miksis-Olds Jennifer, Bochenek Rob, Dziak Robert P., Gedamke Jason. 2021. The Next Wave of Passive Acoustic Data Management: How Centralized Access Can Enhance Science. Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 873

Haver, S. M., Rand, Z., Hatch, L. T., Lipski, D., Dziak, R. P., Gedamke, J., Haxel, J., Heppell, S. A., Jahncke, J., McKenna, M. F., Mellinger, D. K., Oestreich, W. K., Roche, L., Ryan, J., & Van Parijs, S. M. 2020. Seasonal trends and primary contributors to the low-frequency soundscape of the Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 148(2): 845-858.

Davis, G. E., Baumgartner M. F., Corkeron, P. J., Bell, J., Berchok, C., Bonnell, J.M., Bort Thornton, J., Brault, S., Buchanan, G. A., Cholewiak, D. M., Clark, C. W., Delarue, J., Hatch, L. T., Klinck, H., Kraus, S. D., Martin, B., Mellinger, D. K., Moors‐Murphy, H., Nieukirk, S., Nowacek, D. P., Parks, S. E., Parry, D., Pegg, N., Read, A. J., Rice, A. N., Risch, D., Scott, A., Soldevilla, M. S., Stafford, K. M., Stanistreet, J. E., Summers, E., Todd, S., & Van Parijs, S. M. 2020. Exploring movement patterns and changing distributions of baleen whales in the western North Atlantic using a decade of passive acoustic data. Global Change Biology 26(9): 4812-4840.

Caiger, P. E., Dean, M. J., DeAngelis, A. I., Hatch, L. T., Rice, A. N., Stanley, J. A., Tholke, C., Zemeckis, D. R., & Van Parijs, S. M. 2020. A decade of monitoring Atlantic cod Gadus morhua spawning aggregations in Massachusetts Bay using passive acoustics. Marine Ecological Progress Series 635: 89-103.

Haver, S., Fournet, M., Dziak, R., Gabriele, C., Gedamke, J., Hatch, L.T, Haxel, J, Heppell, S,, McKenna, M., Mellinger, D., Van Parijs, S. 2019. Comparing the Underwater Soundscapes of Four U.S. National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 500

Owen K., K. Saeki3, J. D. Warren4, A. Bocconcelli1, D.N. Wiley5, S. Ohira3, A. Bombosch1, K. Toda and D. P. Zitterbart. Natural dimethyl sulfide gradients would lead marine predators to higher prey biomass" Communications Biology.

Robuck, A.R., M. G. Cantwell, J. P. McCord, L. M. Addison, M. Pfohl, M. J. Strynar, R McKinney, D. R. Katz, D. N. Wiley, and R. Lohmann. 2020. Legacy and Novel Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Juvenile Seabirds from the U.S. Atlantic Coast. Environ. Sci. Technol. 2020, 54, 20, 12938–12948.

Michelle D. Staudinger, Holly Goyert, Justin J. Suca, Kaycee Coleman, Linda Welch, Joel K. Llopiz, David Wiley, Irit Altman, Andew Applegate, Peter Auster, Hannes Baumann, Julia Beaty, Deirdre Boelke, Les Kaufman, Pam Loring, Jerry Moxley, Suzanne Paton, Kevin Powers, David Richardson, Jooke Robbins, Jeffrey Runge, Brian Smith, Caleb Spiegel, Halley Steinmetz 2020.The role of sand lances (Ammodytes sp.) in the Northwest Atlantic Ecosystem: A synthesis of current knowledge with implications for conservation and management. Fish and Fisheries–34

Tackaberry JE, Cade DE, Goldbogen JA, Wiley DN, Friedlaender AS, Stimpert AK. (2020). From a calf's perspec tive: humpback whale nursing behavior on two US feeding grounds. PeerJ 8:e8538

Segre, Paolo S., Jean Potvin, David E Cade, John Calambokidis, Jacopo Di Clemente, Frank E Fish, Ari S Friedlaender, William T Gough, Shirel R Kahane-Rapport, Cla´ udia Oliveira, Susan E Parks, Gwen S Penry, Malene Simon, Alison K Stimper1, David N Wiley, KC Bierlich, Peter T Madsen, Jeremy Goldbogen. (2020). Energetic and physical limitations on the breaching performance of large whales. eLife;9:e51760. DOI:

William T. Gough1, Paolo S. Segre1, K. C. Bierlich, David E. Cade, Jean Potvin, Frank E. Fish, Julian Dale, Jacopo di Clemente, Ari S. Friedlaender, David W. Johnston, Shirel R. Kahane-Rapport, John Kennedy, John H. Long, Machiel Oudejans, Gwenith Penry, Matthew S. Savoca, Malene Simon, Simone K. A. Videsen, Fleur Visser, David N. Wiley and Jeremy A. Goldbogen. 2019. Scaling of swimming performance in baleen whales. Journal of Experimental Biology (2019) 222, jeb204172. doi:10.1242/jeb.204172.

Suca, J. J., Wiley, D. N., Silva, T. L., Robuck, A. R., Richardson, D. E., Glancy, S. G., Clancey, E., Giandonato, T., Solow, A. R., Thompson, M. A., Hong, P., Baumann, H., Kaufman, L., and Llopiz, J. K. Sensitivity of sand lance to shifting prey and hydrography indicates forthcoming change to the northeast US shelf forage fish complex. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsaa251.

Powers, K.D., Wiley, D.N., Robuck, A.R., Olson, Z.H., Welch, L.J., Thompson, M.A., and Kaufman, L. (2020). Spatiotemporal characterization of non-breeding great shearwaters Ardenna gravis within their wintering range. Marine Ornithology 48: 215–229.

Silva, T.L., Wiley, D.N., Thompson, M.A., Hong, P., Kaufman, L., Suca, J.A., Llopiz, J.K., Baumann, H., and Fay, G. (2020). High collocation of sand lance and protected top predators: implications for conservation and management.Conservation Science and Practice.

Christopher S. Murray, David Wiley, Hannes Baumann (2019). High sensitivity of a keystone forage fish to elevated CO2 and temperature. Conservation Physiology 7(1): coz084; doi:10.1093/conphys/coz084.

Hong, Peter, David N. Wiley, Kevin D. Powers, Robert H. Michener, Les Kaufman and Kent A. Hatch. 2019. Stable Isotope Analyses of Multiple Tissues of Great Shearwaters (Ardenna gravis) Reveals Long-Term Dietary Stability, Short-Term Changes in Diet, and Can be Used as a Tool to Monitor Food Webs. Diversity 2019, 11, 163; doi:10.3390/d11090163.

Douglas R Zemeckis, Micah J Dean, Annamaria I DeAngelis, Sofie M Van Parijs, William S Hoffman, Mark F Baumgartner, Leila T Hatch, Steven X Cadrin, Christopher McGuire (2019) Identifying the distribution of Atlantic cod spawning using multiple fixed and glider-mounted acoustic technologies, ICES Journal of Marine Science fsz064.

Haver, S., Fournet, M., Dziak, R., Gabriele, C., Gedamke, J., Hatch, L., Haxel, J, Heppell, S,, McKenna, M., Mellinger, D., Van Parijs, S. (2019) Comparing the Underwater Soundscapes of Four U.S. National Parks and Marine Sanctuaries. Frontiers in Marine Science 6.

Paul E. Caiger, Micah J. Dean, Annamaria I. DeAngelis, Leila T. Hatch, Aaron N. Rice, Jenni A. Stanley, Chris Tholke, Douglas R. Zemeckis, and Sofie M. Van Parijs (2020) A decade of monitoring Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) spawning aggregations in the Gulf of Maine using passive acoustics. Marine Ecology Progress Series 635: 89-103

Stanley, Jenni A., Sofie M. Van Parijs, Megan Sullivan, Genevieve E. Davis, Sarah Weiss, Leila T. Hatch (in review) Exploring underwater soundscapes within four shallow US National Marine Sanctuaries. Ecological Applications.

Silva TL, Mooney TA, Sayigh LS, Baumgartner MF (2019) Spatial and temporal occurrence of delphinid species in Massachusetts Bay using passive acoustics from ocean gliders. Marine Ecology Progress Series 631: 1-17

Silva, T.L., Fay, G., Mooney, T.A., Robbins, J., Weinrich, M.T., Carson, C.D., Cole, T.V., Thompson, M.A. and Wiley, D.N. (2019) Habitat use of toothed whales in a marine protected area based on point process models. Marine Ecology Progress Series 609 239-256.

Theresa Kirchner, David N. Wiley, Elliott L. Hazen, Susan E. Parks, Leigh G. Torres, Ari S. Friedlaender (2018) Hierarchical foraging movement of humpback whales relative to the structure of their prey. Marine Ecology Progress Series

Cholewiak, D., Clark, C.W., Ponirakis, D., Frankel, A., Hatch, L.T., Risch, D., Stanistreet, J., Thompson, M.J., Vu, E., Van Parijs, S.M. (2018) Communicating amidst the noise: modeling the aggregate effect of ambient noise and multiple vessel types on the communication space of baleen whales in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Endangered Species Research 36: 59-75

Southall, B.L., Scholik-Schlomer, A.R., Hatch, L.T., Bergmann, T., Jasny, M., Metcalf, K., Weilgart, L., Wright, A.J., Perera, M.E. (2018). Progress and partnerships on reducing noise from large commercial ships. Proceedings of the Marine Safety & Security Council, the Coast Guard Journal of Safety at Sea. Spring Edition: Marine Protected Areas.

Haver, S.M., Gedamke, J., Hatch, L.T., Dziak, R.P., Van Parijs, S.M., McKenna, M.F., Barlow, J.P., Berchok, C., DiDonato, E., Hanson, B., Haxel, J., Holt, M., Lipski, D., Matsumoto, H., Meinig, C., Mellinger, D.K., Moore, S.K., Oleson, E.M., Soldevilla, M.S., Klinck, H. (2018). Monitoring long-term soundscape trends in US waters: the NOAA/NPS Ocean Noise Reference Station Network. Marine Policy 90: 6-13 Mar Ecol Prog Ser. Vol. 607: 237–250,;

Kevin D. Powers, David N. Wiley, Andrew J. Allyn, Linda J. Welch, and Robert A. Ronconi. (2017) Movements and foraging habitats of great shearwaters Puffinus gravis the Gulf of Maine. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. Vol. 574: 211–226.

Redfern, J., Hatch, L.T., Caldow, C., DeAngelis, M.L., Gedamke, J., Hastings, S., Henderson, L., McKenna, M.L., Moore, T.J., Porter, M.B. (2017). Assessing the risk of chronic shipping noise to baleen whales off Southern California, USA. Endangered Species Research 32:153-167.

Stanley, J., Van Parijs, S.M., Hatch, L.T. (2017) Underwater sound from vessel traffic reduces effective communication range in Atlantic cod and haddock. Scientific Reports 7: 14633 doi:10.1038/s41598-017-14743-9.

Southall, B.L., Scholik-Schlomer, A.R., Hatch, L.T., Bergmann, T., Jasny, M., Metcalf, K., Weilgart, L., Wright, A.J. (2017). Underwater noise from large commercial ships—international collaboration for noise reduction. In Marine Ship Vibration, Noise and Habitability, Encyclopedia of Maritime and Offshore Engineering: 1-9.

Zemeckis DR, Dean MJ, DeAngelis AI, Van Parijs SM, Hoffman WH, Baumgartner MF, Hatch LT, Cadrin SX, McGuire CH (in review) Identifying the distribution of Atlantic cod spawning using multiple fixed and glider-mounted acoustic technologies. ICES Journal of Marine Science

Hatch, L.T., Wahle, C.M., Gedamke, J., Harrison, J., Laws, B., Moore, S.E., Van Parijs, S.M. (2016). Can you hear me here? Managing acoustic habitat in US waters. Endangered Species Research 30:171-186.

Wiley, D.N., C.A. Mayo, E.M. Maloney and M.J. Moore. (2016) Vessel strike mitigation lessons from direct observations involving two collisions between noncommercial vessels and North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis). Marine Mammal Science. [DOI: 10.1111/mms.12326]

Susan E. Parks, Dana A. Cusano, Alessandro Bocconcelli, Ari S. Friedlaender and David N. Wiley. (2016). Noise impacts on social sound production by foraging humpback whales. Acoustical Society of America [DOI: 10.1121/2.0000247]

Blair HB, Merchant ND, Friedlaender AS, Wiley DN, Parks SE. (2016). Evidence for ship noise impacts on humpback whale foraging behaviour. Biol. Lett.

Hatch, Joshua M., D. Wiley, K. T. Murray and L. Welch (2015) Integrating satellite-tagged seabird and fishery-dependent data: a case study of Great Shearwaters (Puffinus gravis) and the U.S. New England sink gillnet fishery. Conservation Letters: doi:10.1111/conl.12178.

Pineda J. V. Starczak, J.C.B. DaSilva., K. Helfrich, M. Thompson and D. Wiley (2015) Whales and waves: Humpback whale foraging response and the shoaling of internal waves at Stellwagen Bank. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans Volume 120, Issue 4:2413–3173.

Lewison, R., Hobday, A.J., Maxwell, S., Hazen, E., Hartog, J.R., Dunn, D.C., Briscoe, D., Fossette, S., O'Keefe, C.E., Barnes-Mauthe, M., Abecassi, M, Bograd, S.,Bethoney, D.N., Bailey, H., Wiley, D., Andrews, S. , Hazen, L., Crowder, L.B. (2015) Dynamic Ocean Management: 21st century approaches for marine resource management and conservation. BioScience doi: 10.1093/biosci/biv018.

Gedamke, J., Harrison, J., Hatch, L.T., Angliss, R., Barlow, J., Berchok, C., Caldow, C., Castellote, M., Cholewiak, D., DeAngelis, M.L., Dziak, R., Garland, E., Guan, S., Hastings, S., Holt, M., Laws, B., Mellinger, D., Moore, S., Moore, T.J., Oleson, E., Pearson-Meyer, J., Piniak, W., Redfern, J., Rowles, T., Scholik-Schlomer, A., Smith, A., Soldevilla, M., Stadler, J., Van Parijs, S., Wahle, C. (2016). Ocean Noise Strategy Roadmap. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Department of Commerce, Silver Spring, MD 144 pp.

Van Parijs, S.M., Gerlach, D., Haver, S., Harrison, J., Izzi, A., Klinck, H., Matzen, E., Risch, D., Baumgartner, M., Cholewiak, D., Davis, G., Hatch, J., Hatch, L.T., Silber, G., Gedamke, J., Hotchkin, C., Thompson, M. (2015). NEPAN - A US Northeast Passive Acoustic Sensing Network for Monitoring, Reducing Threats and the Conservation of Marine Animals. Journal of Marine Science and Technology 49(2):70-86.

Basta et al. (2015) Technology Use in NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary System. Marine Technology Society Journal, Volume 49, Number 2, March/April 2015, pp. 178-192(15)

Wiley, D. (2014) Chasing Shearwaters: Bird Observer Vol. 42, No. 6, pp.358-36.

Parks, S.E., Cusano, D., Stimpert, A. Weinrich, M, Friedlaender, A., and Wiley, D. 2014. Evidence for acoustic communication among bottom foraging humpback whales. Scientific Reports 4: 7508 | DOI: 10.1038/srep07508.

Cook, R.R. and P.J. Auster. 2014. Potential applications of simulated annealing to multi-species fish habitat conservation in the Gulf of Maine. Chapter 9, p. 221-241 in: M. de Sales Guerra Tsuzuki and T. de Castro Martins (eds.), Simulated Annealing: Strategies, Potential Uses and Advantages. Nova Science Publishers.

Hernandez, K.M., Cholewiak, D. M., Risch, D., Dean, M.J., Hatch, L.T., Hoffman, W. S., Rice, A.N, Zemeckis, D. and Van Parijs, S. M. (2013). Developing passive acoustic monitoring for Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) management and conservation. ICES Journal of Marine Science 70(3):628–635.

Wiley, D., L. Hatch, K. Schwehr, M. Thompson, & C. MacDonald. (2013) Marine Sanctuaries and Marine Planning: Protecting endangered marine life. United States Coast Guard Proceedings. Fall 2013: 15 – 20.

Ware, C., D. Wiley, A. Friedlaender, M. Weinrich, E. Hazen, A. Bocconcelli, S. Parks, A. Stimpert, M. Thompson and K. Abernathy. (2013) Bottom Side-Roll Feeding by Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Southern Gulf of Maine, USA. Marine Mammal Science DOI: 10.1111/mms.12053.

Cook, R.R. and P.J. Auster. 2013. The biodiversity value of marine protected areas designed for multi-species fishery management in the Gulf of Maine. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 23: 429–440

Vu, Elizabeth T., D. Risch, C. W. Clark, S. Gaylord, L.T. Hatch, M. A. Thompson, D. N. Wiley, and S. M. Van Parijs. (2012) Humpback whale song occurs extensively on feeding grounds in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Aquatic Biology Vol. 14: 175–183.

Hare. J.A., J.P. Manderson, J.A. Nye, M.A. Alexander, P.J. Auster, D.L. Borggaard, A.M. Capotondi, K.B. Damon-Randall, E. Heupel, I. Mateo, L. O'Brien, D.E. Richardson, C.A. Stock and S.T. Biegel. 2012. Cusk (Brosme brosme) and climate change: assessing the threat to a candidate marine fish species under the US Endangered Species Act. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69: 1753–1768.

Mussoline SE, Rish D, Hatch LT, Weinrich MT, Wiley DN, Thompson MA, Corkeron PJ, Van Parijs SM. (2012) Seasonal and diel variation in North Atlantic right whale up-call: implications for management and conservation in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Endangered Species Research. 17:17-26.

Wiley, David N., C. Ware, A. Bocconcelli, D. Cholewiak; A. Friedlaender; M. Thompson, & M. Weinrich. (2011) Underwater Components of Humpback Whale Bubble-Net Feeding Behavior. Behaviour. 148:575-602 (Journal Cover).

Wiley, D.N. (2011). Increasing the Social Power of Scientific Information used for Decisions on Marine Protected Areas in New Zealand. Fulbright New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand. Pp 82.

Wiley, David N., Michael Thompson, Richard M. Pace III, and Jake Levenson. 2011 Modeling Speed Restrictions to Mitigate Lethal Collisions between Ships and Whales in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, USA. Biological Conservation. 144:2377-2381.

Stimpert, A.K., W. Au, S. Parks, T. Hurst, and D. Wiley. (2011) Common humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) sound types for passive acoustic monitoring. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129 (1):476-482.

Parks, S.E., J.D. Warren, K.M. Stamiezkin, C.A. Mayo and D. Wiley. (2011) Dangerous dining: Surface foraging of right whales increases risk for vessel collisions. Biology Letters. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0578.

Cannin, C., Craine, D., Eaton, T.S., Nuessly,K., Feidlaender,A., Hurst,T., Parks,S., Ware,C., Wiley, D., Weinrich,M.. 2011. Population-level lateralized feeding behavior in North Atlantic humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Animal Behavior 82: 901-909.

Auster, P.J., K.B. Heinonen, L. Watling, C. Parrish-Kuhn and J. Lindholm. 2011. A rare deepwater anemone and its associates in the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (Gulf of Maine, NW Atlantic). Marine Biodiversity Records 4(e19):1-4. doi:10.1017/S1755267211000200.

Susan E Parks, David N Wiley, Mason T Weinrich, Alessandro Bocconcelli. 2010. Behavioral differences affect passive acoustic detectability of foraging North Atlantic right and humpback whales. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 128(4):2483.

Schmidt, V., T. C. Weber, M.P Johnson, and D N Wiley. (2010) Underwater Tracking of Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) with HF Pingers and Acoustic Recording Tags. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. 35(4):821-836.

Tamsett, A., K. Heinonen, P.J. Auster and J. Lindholm. 2010. Dynamics of hard substratum communities inside and outside of a fisheries closed area in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (Gulf of Maine, NW Atlantic). Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-10-05. 53 pp.

Friedlaender, AS, EL Hazen, DP Nowacek, C Ware, MT Weinrich, T Hurst, & DN Wiley. (2009) Changes in humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) feeding behavior in response to sand lance (Ammodytes spp.) behavior and distribution. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 395: 91-100.

Hazen, E., A Friedlaender, M. Thompson, C. Ware, M. Weinrich, P. Halpin and D.N. Wiley. (2009) Fine-scale prey aggregations and foraging ecology of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 395:75-89. MEPS

Wiley, D. N., M. A. Thompson, R. Merrick. (2009) Realigning the Boston Traffic Separation Scheme to Reduce the Risk of Ship Strike to Right and Other Baleen Whales. Boston. In Katy Börner & Elisha F. Hardy (Eds.), 5th Iteration (2009): Science Maps for Science Policy Makers, Places and Spaces: Mapping Science.

Auster, P.J. and J. Link. 2009. Compensation and recovery of feeding guilds in a northwest Atlantic shelf fish community. Marine Ecology Progress Series 382:163–172.

Hatch, L., Clark, C., Merrick, R., Van Parijs, S., Ponirakis, D., Schwehr, K., Thompson, M., and Wiley, D. (2008). Characterizing the relative contributions of large vessels to total ocean noise fields: A case study using the Gerry E. Studds Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, Environmental Management. 42: 735-752 (Journal Cover).

Wiley, D.N., J.C. Moller, R.M. Pace, and C. Carleson. 2008. Effectiveness of Voluntary Conservation Agreements: Case Study of Endangered Whales and Commercial Whale-Watching. Conservation Biology. 22(2):450-457 (Journal Cover).

Stimpert, A.K., W.L. Au, D.N. Wiley and D. Mattila. 2008. Contextual sound production by tagged humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on a feeding and breeding ground. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 11/2008; 124(4):2484.

Stimpert, A.K., D.N. Wiley, W.T. Au, M P. Johnson, and R. Arsenault. 2007. Megapclicks': acoustic click trains and buzzes produced during night-time foraging of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Biology Letters. 3, 467–470.

Lindholm, J., P.J. Auster, and A. Knight. 2007. Site fidelity and movement of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) at deep boulder reefs in the western Gulf of Maine. Marine Ecology Progress Series 342: 239–247.

Cook, R. and P. Auster. 2007. A bioregional classification for the continental shelf of northeastern North America for conservation analysis and planning based on representation. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series NMSP-07-03. 14 pp.

Pittman S, Costa B, Kot C, Wiley D., Kenney RD (2006) Cetacean Distribution and Diversity. In: Battista T, Clark R, Pitman S (eds.) An Ecological Characterization of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Region. Oceanographic, Biogeographic and Contaminants Assessment, Vol 45. NOAA Technical Memorandum NCCOS

Auster, P.J., R. Clark and R.E.S. Reed. 2006. Chapter 3. Marine fishes. p. 89-229 in: An Ecological Characterization of the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary Region: Oceanographic, Biogeographic, and Contaminants Assessment. National Center for Coastal Ocean Science, NOAA, Silver Spring, Maryland. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NCCOS 45.

Ware, C., Arsenault, R., Plumlee, M. & Wiley, D. 2006. Visualizing the Underwater Behavior of Humpback Whales. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, July/August issue. 14-18.

Cook, R. and P. Auster. 2006. Developing alternatives for optimal representation of seafloor habitats and associated communities in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary. Marine Sanctuaries Conservation Series ONMS-06-02. 24 pp.

Auster, P.J. and J. Lindholm. 2005. The ecology of fishes on deep boulder reefs in the western Gulf of Maine. p. 89-107. in: Diving for Science 2005, Proceedings of the American Academy of Underwater Sciences. Connecticut Sea Grant, Groton.

Cook, R.R. and P.J. Auster. 2005. Use of simulated annealing for identifying essential fish habitat in a multi-species context. Conservation Biology 19:876-886.

Wiley, D.N., J.C. Moller and K. Zilinskas. 2003. The distribution and density of commercial fisheries and baleen whales within the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary: July 2001-June 2002. Marine Technology Society Journal. 37(1):35-53.

Auster, P.J, J. Lindholm, and P.C. Valentine. 2003. Variation in habitat use by juvenile Acadian redfish, Sebastes fasciatus. Environmental Biology of Fishes 68:381-389.

Auster, P.J., J. Lindholm, S. Schaub, G. Funnell, L.S. Kaufman, and P.C. Valentine. 2003. Use of sand wave habitats by silver hake. Journal of Fish Biology 62:143-152.

Lindholm, J. and P. Auster. 2003. Site utilization by Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in offshore gravel habitat as determined by acoustic telemetry: implications for the design of marine reserves. Marine Technology Society Journal 37(1):27-34.

Auster, P.J. 2002. Representation of biological diversity of the Gulf of Maine region at Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary (Northwest Atlantic): patterns of fish diversity and assemblage composition. p. 1096-1125. Managing Protected Areas in a Changing World. S. Bondrup-Nielson, T. Herman, N.W.P. Munro, G. Nelson and J.H.M. Willison (eds.). Science and Management of Protected Areas Association, Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

Lindholm, J. and P.J. Auster. 2002. Marine protected area design: toward a generalized life history approach. p. 1126-1136 in: S. Bondrup-Nielsen, N.W.P. Munro, G. Nelson, J.H.M. Willison, T.B. Herman and P. Eagles (eds). Managing Protected Areas in a Changing World. Science and Management of Protected Areas Association, Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

Lindholm, J.B., P.J. Auster, M. Ruth, and L. Kaufman. 2001. Juvenile fish responses to variations in seafloor habitats: modeling the effects of fishing and implications for the design of marine protected areas. Conservation Biology 15:424-437.

Auster, P.J., K. Joy, and P.C. Valentine. 2001. Fish species and community distributions as proxies for seafloor habitat distributions: the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary example (Northwest Atlantic, Gulf of Maine). Environmental Biology of Fishes 60:331-346.

Auster, P.J. 2001. Defining thresholds for precautionary habitat management actions in a fisheries context. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 21:1-9.

Condition Reports and Management Plans

State of the science report: An addendum to the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 2020 Condition Report

Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 2020 Condition Report

Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 2007 Condition Report

Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 2010 Management Plan

Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary 1993 Management Plan and Environmental Impact Statement (pdf)

Staff Awards

This list includes international, national, and regional awards presented to the sanctuary's science staff.

  • Gulf of Maine Council Visionary Award (2019) for collaborative work on underwater sound and noise impacts in Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary and Massachusetts Bay.
  • Massachusetts Audubon's Hemenway and Hall Wildlife Conservation (2019) award for "excellence in wildlife conservation"
  • Nextgov Bold Award (2013) – The honor recognizes federal employees who have taken risks to implement innovative programs that make government more effective
  • Profiled as "one of the 40 top wildlife conservationists of our time" in WILDLIFE HEROES: 40 Leading Conservationists and the Animals They are Committed to Saving. Running Press: (2012) Philadelphia/London
  • Award for Excellence in Scientific Communication; Society for Marine Mammalogy (2011) Ian Axford (Fulbright) Fellowship in Public Policy (2011) to investigate research to support decision-making in New Zealand marine protected areas
  • U.S. Department of Commerce Individual Gold Medal Award for Scientific Leadership (2009). The Gold Medal award is the highest honor bestowed by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce
  • Office of National Marine Sanctuaries; Team of the Year (2008)
  • Alumni Environmental Excellence Award, Antioch University-New England (2008)
  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Employee of the Year Award (2007)
  • Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals' Human Hero award (2007)