Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary
Site Characterization Report
1995

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Regional Context
National Program
Establishment of the SBNMS
Significance of the Resource

HISTORY
Prehistory
Whaling History
Historic Vessel Traffic and Shipwrecks
Fishing History
Whalewatching Trends

PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

Water Properties
Physical Processes
Models
Summary

SEDIMENT AND WATER QUALITY
Sources
Metal and Organic Contaminants
Temporal/Spacial Considerations
Sediments
Benthic Community Structure
Dominant Species
Anthropogenic Effects of Contaminants
Sources of Contaminants
Contaminants in the Water
Contaminants in the Sediment
Contaminants in Organisms' Tissues
Human Health Concerns about Eating Sanctuary Species

LIVING RESOURCES
Common Cetaceans
Occassional Cetaceans
Seals
Seabirds
Fishes

Commercial Fishery Resources
Descriptions of Species

 

CONSERVATION ISSUES AFFECTING MAMMAL COMMUNITIES
Vessel Collisions
Disturbance from Vessels
Fishery Interactions/Entanglement
Effects from other Human-Related Activities
Indirect Effects
Chemical Contamination
PCBs and other Organochlorines
Petroleum Hydrocarbons
Trace Elements
Chemical and Trace Elements in Marine Mammals
Changes in Prey Composition, Distribution and Abundance
Competition for Available Resources
Biotoxins and Disease
Strandings
Fisheries Management
Mariculture
Ocean and Dredged Material Disposal
MBDS Site Management
MWRA Outfall Tunnel

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